Friday, March 16, 2018

In brief: the Spirit of life

Broadcaster Melvyn Bragg recently said he could not become a Christian because bodily resurrection is against the laws of physics. He is right, it is. Our hope is not based on the laws of physics, however, but the laws of pneumatics. As Paul said,"For the law of the Spirit (pneuma) of life has set you free in Christ Jesus from the law of sin and death." And again, "But if Christ is in you, although the body is dead because of sin, the Spirit is life because of righteousness." (Romans 8:2, 10) 

Thursday, March 15, 2018

In brief: repentance and faith

Repentance is our 'no' to sin against God. Faith is our 'yes' to forgiveness of sin from God.

In brief: the Spirit of Judgement

The same Holy Spirit who convicts the world of sin and judgement, in assurance echoes the verdict of heaven upon believers: "justified".

Monday, March 12, 2018

From plight to solution and back again

The view we take of the plight of human beings in sin will affect our understanding of salvation as the solution to sin.

If sin is a trivial problem, it requires only a trivial solution.

Is sin is serious, it demands a serious solution.

A Pelagian view of sin requires only a Socinian Jesus; a human example to show us a better way.

An Augustinian view of sin demands a Chalcedonian Jesus; one who is fully God and fully human in one person, dying in the place of human beings to put us right with God.

The same applies if you argue from solution to plight. If it took the death of God incarnate to save us from sin, then sin is the most weighty problem we will ever face. A problem that outside of Jesus has no solution.

Biblically speaking, Matthew 1:21 only holds true because of Matthew 1:23.

Friday, March 09, 2018

Unexpected Bookends: 2 Chronicles 32

Reading 2 Chronicles 32 the other day, I was struck by the way in which the chronicler opens and closes the chapter. The first and last verses act as unexpected bookends that hold the material in between together, 2 Chronicles 32:1, 33. 

Hezekiah is something of a rarity in Chronicles. He is one of the good guys, matching up to the godly standard set by David, 2 Chronicles 29:2. In 2 Chronicles 29-31, the king leads Southern Kingdom in a programme of thoroughgoing reformation. He cleanses the temple in Jerusalem from the filth of idolatry. He reforms temple worship according to the biblical pattern. He revives the ancient feast of the Passover that had long been neglected. He ensures the priests and Levies are provided for and that they carried out their ministry in the temple. The Chronicler summarises Hezekiah's reforms in the most glowing terms, 2 Chronicles 31:20-21. 

It is something of a shock, then to read the opening words of 2 Chronicles 32, "After these things and these acts of faithfulness, Sennacherib king of Assyria came and invaded Judah and encamped against the fortified cities, thinking to win them for himself.". Not what you might expect. Following unparalleled faithfulness, Hezekiah finds himself under siege. The kingdom is in peril. Where did that come from? 

Times of blessing and advance often provoke a backlash. It doesn't seem as though the Lord was disciplining Hezekiah by sending Sennacherib against him. Hezekiah was no Ahaz (2 Chronicles 28). But the Lord was testing his servant to see whether he would remain faithful while surrounded by the Assyrian hordes. Hezekiah stood firm by taking practical measures to withstand the siege (2 Chronicles 32:1-5, preaching (2 Chronicles 32:6-8) and prayer (2 Chronicles 32:20-23). 

Similarly in church life, a fellowship may seek to be faithful to the Lord in their life and witness and experience some fruitfulness and blessing. Then comes trouble, from within, or without. That 'trouble' does not call into question the reality of former blessing. But difficulties and setbacks are a test of our spiritual resilience. By way of response we could do little better than take a leaf from Hezekiah's book. We should take practical measures can to address problems in the fellowship. But above all we need preaching and prayer to see us through in the face of enemy attack, Ephesians 6:10-20. 

The siege is broken, 2 Chronicles 32:21. 

Hezekiah dies as the chapter draws to a close. The king is buried in honour. Mention is made of his "good deeds" (2 Chronicles 32:32-33). But 2 Chronicles 32 ends on a devastating note, "And Manasseh his son reigned in his place." One of the best is followed by one of the worst. If not the worst. Manasseh systematically undid his father's reforms. His anti-Yahweh zeal is detailed in 2 Chronicles 33:1-9. 

Unexpected bookends. 

The cycle of faithfulness and failure in Chronicles ends with the Babylonian captivity of the Southern Kingdom. Not quite. The final paragraph points to life after Babylon, 2 Chronicles 36:22-23. Never again, however, would a king in the line of David sit upon the throne of Israel. 

Whole Bible unexpected bookends.

Adam lost his crown - and ours. 
David's successors lost their crown.
A new David won his crown by his Cross. 
The Last Adam crowned - and we in him. 

Thursday, March 01, 2018

Snow on St David's Day

It was meant to be the first day of Spring.
Early daffodils promised warmth,
Their yellow beckoning the sun.
But now they are frozen to the roots,
Submerged beneath chilly white dust.
You can never tell with the Welsh.
Always awkward.

Wednesday, February 28, 2018

Blogging in the Name of the Lord: David Robertson

GD: Hello David Robertson, and welcome to Exiled Preacher. Please tell us a little about yourself.

DR: I’m the minister of StPeter’s Free Church in Dundee, Church of Robert Murray McCheyne.    I’m married to Annabel and have three  grown up children – Andrew, Becky, and Emma Jane. I’m the associate director of the Solas Centre for Public Christianity. I edit the Free Church's Record,  have authored several books and a regular columnist for Christian Today and write occasionally for other websites and magazines

GD: You blog at: 'The Blog of David Robertson'. What made you start blogging?

DR: I’ve always written but I guess this was a kind of personal therapy! It was the best way that I could be free to express my views without incriminating or being restricted by the websites that I often wrote for.

 GD: Which blogs do you enjoy reading and why?

 DR: I don’t usually read blogs!

GD: Fair enough. What are the strengths and weaknesses of blogging as a medium for reflection on theological and ministry matters?

DR: You can delude yourself that you are reaching far more people than you in reality are. You can pontificate as though you were some kind of papal  figure. And you can take things  far too personally. On the other hand it is a great way to encourage people, to challenge people and to provoke and stimulate constructive discussion.

GD: Do you use other forms of social media, and why/what for?

DR: I use Twitter to post links to good articles, Facebook for more personal stuff and to provoke unto love and good works and Instagram to report on preaching and other speaking engagements. I use all of these to try and provoke interest in the gospel as well as some of its implications and some of its personal impact upon me.

GD: Do you think engaging in discussion on social media changes people’s minds, or is it just an echo chamber?

DR: It is primarily an echo chamber. Although I have known people whose minds have been changed and indeed who have been converted through social media. My mind has occasionally been changed!

GD: Tell us how you felt called to pastoral ministry:

DR: Too long a story to tell! Acts 5:20, the guidance of the church, the prompting of the Holy Spirit and providential circumstances all contributed

GD: Where did you train for the ministry and what did you find especially helpful about your training?

DR: Edinburgh theologicalseminary – systematic theology, new Testament Greek, old Testament Hebrew and church history were all particularly helpful.

GD: Who has had the greatest influence on your theological development?

DR: John Calvin;  Augustine;  John Flavel;  John Owen; Tim Keller

GD: What do you cherish most about the Free Church of Scotland?

DR:  Its people and its wholehearted commitment to the gospel

GD: How does the Free Church engage with the wider Evangelical world?

DR: Not very well! We are involved with the evangelical alliance, various reformed fellowships and in local gospel partnerships.

GD: What is Solas all about?

DR: The communication of Christianity in the public square through media, training and public engagement.

GD: You often engage in public debate with atheists. What is the strongest argument atheists have produced in debate and what was your response?

DR: Often the strongest arguments are based upon personal experience – the answers depend on listening to what those experiences are an engaging with them from a Christian perspective.  The hardest biblical ones tend to be those associated with passages which seem to imply that God commanded genocide.   Paul Copan’s “ Is God a Moral Monster?” Is very helpful on this.

GD: You recently labelled Steve Chalke’s message anti-Christ, yet you have also referred to Pope Benedict XVI as a ‘Christian brother’. Please explain.

DR: One mocks the Bible, denies the atonement, rejects Christ’s teaching on marriage and adopts all the liberal shibboleths of our culture.  the other accepts the Bible, celebrates the atonement, endorses Christ’s teaching on marriage and challenges the liberal shibboleths of our culture. I prefer the latter

GD: What’s your take on Jordan Peterson’s message to men? Does the church have anything to say to the male of the species?

DR: He comes very close – but still does not get the gospel. I find him very inspiring and very challenging. And of course we have plenty to say to the male of the species because the gospel is addressed to both male and female.

GD: You are often quite vocal about political matters, such as Scottish independence and Brexit. Shouldn’t preachers stick to the pulpit?

DR: If you thought that was the case you  would not ask me  to spend time with the pulpit commenting on these issues!   As a private citizen I am perfectly entitled to express opinions about many different matters. As a Christian minister I have no right to, and I never do, bring party political matters into the pulpit. The Bible has nothing to say on Scottish independence or Brexit. This does not mean that I should not… But I should not equate my views with those of the Bible or the message of the church, which should be the message of the Bible.

GD: Which character from post-New Testament church history would you most like to meet and what would you say to him/her?

DR: John Owen… What did you mean by…?

GD: Do let us know what he said. Billy Graham passed into the presence of the Lord just recently. What is your assessment of his life and ministry?

DR: See my blog written on that matter. 

GD: What would be your three top tips for budding preachers?

DR: Get a formal training, continue to be involved in a biblical church, and pray without ceasing!

GD: What is the most helpful theological book that you have read in the last twelve months? It is a must read because?

DR: Sinclair Ferguson’s “The Whole Christ” – the best book you will ever read on theology!

GD: What do you do to relax?

DR: Cycle, play chess, go to the cinema

GD: Care to share your top three songs or pieces of music?

DR: Bach’s St John’s Passion; Led Zeppelin’s stairway to heaven; Beethoven’s Pastoral

GD: What is the biggest problem facing evangelicalism in the UK today and how should we respond?

DR: Loss of confidence in the Bible, especially in its  sufficiency and power.   Combined with the inability to discern the times and realise what is going on in the culture. The solution is to have a recommitment to the supremacy of Scripture and to live it out in our contemporary culture.

GD: Thanks for dropping by for this conversation. 

Friday, February 09, 2018

Blogging in the Name of the Lord: Jim Sayers

GD: Hello Jim Sayers, and welcome to Exiled Preacher. Please tell us a little about yourself.

JDS: I live in Abingdon with my wife Helen and our son Josh (who is now 2” taller than me at 6’4”). Laura is a relay worker in Glasgow and Meg is studying costume construction in London. Helen is a teaching assistant and I have been Communications Director for Grace Baptist Mission for nearly 9 years, following 16 years in pastoral ministry.

GD: You blog at What made you start blogging?

JDS: Hard to remember exactly. When I had a sabbatical in 2007 I had run a short, rather bland travel blog so my flock knew what their pastor was doing on sabbatical – churches I has visited, books I’d finally finished. That came off the web when I left for GBM in 09. I watched a few friends start their own blogs, but was busy doing an M.Th with Edinburgh Theological Seminary on the biblical theology of nationhood. Coming to the end of the writing process, I found we were in the middle of a minor referendum, so I decided to blog some of the key ideas about nationhood. This caused lift-off with about 500 hits the night before the Brexit vote – a feat not repeated since! Since then I’ve tried to make the blog live up to its billing, by looking at a wider range of issues related to mission, nations, culture and worship. When my work takes me to another country, it helps to write about the culture I visit. Then there are cultural moments to reflect on, books to review that fit the theme, and the occasional ‘seven things I’d like to….’ kind of posts that spill out too easily. I think it’s better to post thoughtfully and well on what you know well, rather than expose everything you think in some regular daily diatribe.  

GD: Which blogs do you enjoy reading and why?

JDS: I love Eddie Arthur’s – short, pithy and well read – the place to start in world mission blogging. Chris Green’s MinistryNuts and Bolts is always good value on the skills of pastoral ministry. Stephen Kneale’s Building Jerusalem is consistently good. John Steven’s DissentingOpinions is provocative, and as a minor law graduate I love the posts that draw on his legal background. (John does seem to get an FIEC connection out of everything from Rolf Harris to eternal subordination!) No one blogs better than David Robertson’s The Wee Flea, which because I studied with the Free Church years ago is specially good for connecting with the Scottish scene. And of course there is an exiled preacher from Wales who likes his rugby!

GD: You're too kind. What are the strengths and weaknesses of blogging as a medium for reflection on theological and ministry matters?

JDS: It is good to be able to get your thoughts into something shorter than a sermon or the chapter of a book. I learnt to write by reading the editorials of Prof. Donald Macleod in the Free Church Monthly Record – so pithy, with short, punchy sentences full of passion and wit. He used his commas sparingly. He preferred the full stop. He connected theology with politics to great effect. When I was a pastor in Kesgrave, I had a column in the local community magazine where I had a 750 word limit to write an apologetics piece. I thrived on it. You learn the discipline of thinking your way into your audience’s mind, and working out what they will make of your obsessions and convictions. So blogging is a good discipline for we preachers who are wont to go on a bit. Its weakness is vanity – the expectation that the world’s public need to read my meagre offerings. After 2 hours graft at my imagined brilliance, the stats page tells me that six people bothered to read it. The blogosphere is big these days, so don’t imagine you can gain a wide audience. Keep a sense of perspective.  

GD: Do you use other forms of social media, and why/what for?

JDS: I was on Twitter first, which is a great place for keeping up with ministry friends. I went on Facebook last August just to keep up with a few friends. I’ve decided that Twitter is like the news vendor shouting his headlines, whereas Facebook is like the ladies at the bus stop next to him having a good gossip. Mind you, put your blog posts on Facebook and the hit-count goes through the roof. I get bored with facebook, but the wit of Twitter is a joy. For GBM I am also now running an Instagram account.

GD: Which character from post-New Testament church history would you most like to meet and what would you say to him/her?

JDS: William Wilberforce, who is a real hero for me. I would want to commend him for his faithfulness, discuss the rather incremental way in which he set about the abolition movement – not going for complete emancipation at once. Can that say something to the pro-Life movement today? I’d also like to ask him why he became addicted to opiates!

GD: Tell us how you felt called to pastoral ministry:

JDS: I wanted to go into politics as a teenager – the full speech-in-front-of-the-bathroom-mirror variety. But at 17 I heard a preacher expound 2 Timothy 4 and knew God had spoken to me. When I went to Uni to study law, I heard Geoff Thomas preach and ached to be an expositor. From time to time I have wondered about politics, but gospel ministry always pulls me back.

GD: Where did you train for the ministry and what did you find especially helpful about your training?

JDS: Geoff Thomas wanted to send me to Westminster in Philadelphia, but when that wasn’t possible I went to Free Church College Edinburgh. Mostly I loved it, especially John L Mackay’s OT lectures and Alasdair I Macleod’s homiletics and pastoral studies. But the big pull was…..

GD: Who has had the greatest influence on your theological development?

JDS: Donald Macleod. A real privilege to study systematics under him. Every lecture was top quality, building a framework of thought. He would pause every couple of days for questions, and it was like pressing a button and out came another flow of brilliance.

GD: What would be your three top tips for budding preachers?

1.   JDS: Preach within your range. Don’t do John 13-17, Romans 1-8 or Jeremiah to start with. 2. Don’t feel you have to say everything. Leave plenty on your desk and preach what you can make vivid and coherent. (3) Learn to apply well. That means inhabiting the lives of your hearers, more than half of whom will be women. Don’t be abstract – connect directly into their daily challenges.

GD: Why the switch to working for Grace Baptist Mission?

JDS: God had involved me in GBM and in some mission trips to West Africa before the job came up. I knew it was time to move on from Kesgrave, but couldn’t see a way out. When my job because free, it was obvious to us that this was God’s next step for us.

GD What does your role as Communication Director involve?

JDS: I am in change of all GBM communications – magazines, website, our monthly video bulletin Prayer Waves, our prayer diary etc. I also run our Envision programme of short-term mission opportunities. Together with Daryl Jones the Mission Director, we work with sending churches to help them care for their missionaries, and we both preach out among the supporting churches.

GD: What are some of the greatest encouragements and challenges faced by GBM at present?

JDS: It is wonderful to see new churches being planted in several places across Europe, and to see the rapid movement of church growth in places like India and Kenya. Helping churches send new missionaries is a real joy. The big challenge is just to stand still. The average missionary serves for ten years. We need to be helping sending churches to send at least two couples a year just to replace those coming home. Mission support is now much more focussed on giving to individual missionaries rather than mission agencies, so we have to restructure our costs. We need to connect with a new generation of supporters, most of all through the new media.  

GD: You believe that God has a special plan for nations. Which is?

JDS: We have to read gen 10 and 11 together, seeing a world of nations living quietly together as God’s norm, and being aware of the dangers of a Babel-like tendency to think ‘global is best’ and we can solve the world’s problems by some global structure. All such empires end in failure, and often in bloodshed. So rediscovering the humility of biblical nationhood without descending into the idolatry of nationalism is vital. Biblical nationhood is a third way that avoids both the hatred of nationalism and the hubris of empire. Christian mission should honour every nation by dedicated contextualisation and a commitment to working in indigenous languages.

GD: How do you understand the relationship between the local churches and mission agencies such as GBM?

JDS: GBM is a mission agency without any missionaries. We help churches to send and care for their missionaries. We cannot tell a missionary to come home. Only their church can. But at the same time they need us to help them raise the support from other churches that their missionary needs. So it is a partnership. It is a joy to be in a review meeting with a church who really take their missionary’s care seriously.  

GD: What does it mean to be a ‘Reformed/Grace Baptist’ in terms of theological and ecclesiological distinctives?

JDS: Grace is central, and we need to understand it in all its biblical richness – the grace that chooses, becomes incarnate, atones, calls the dead to life, equips Christians to live, and glorifies us. This shapes the way we preach the gospel, how we do evangelism, and how we pray. It should also make us more gracious – a tall order in a selfish age. In terms of the Church, everything flows from union with Christ. We must not have an individualist/supermarket approach to church. To be alive in Christ is to be united to our fellow-Christians, and that is shown in baptism, which brings into membership of the local church, which identifies itself when it takes communion together. Grace Baptist churches are also known for their commitment to church-based mission.

GD: What is the most helpful theological book that you have read in the last twelve months? It is a must read because?

JDS: The Whole Christ by Sinclair Ferguson. The marrow controversy is little understood today, but it cuts to the heart of our understanding of how the free offer of the gospel is preached, and the basis of our assurance. I think it is essential reading on the doctrine of the Christian life. He deals brilliantly with the similarities between the legalist and the careless sinner, and also takes apart the NPP on his way.

GD: You claim, “Marilynne Robinson is the world’s greatest living novelist.” Why is that?

JDS: She is still quite undiscovered in the UK. I love all three Gilead novels. She has created a new genre – the pastoral novel, in the sense of the life of the pastor. I’m not entirely sure she gets the justice of God as clearly as the grace of God, but the contrast between the legalist Jack Boughton who can’t save himself, and Lila Ames who can’t imagine she could be saved, is quite brilliant. Students will be reading her in 100 years’ time.

GD: A very fine writer. What do you do to relax?

JDS: I did my allotment, where all life’s problems unravel slowly. I also love quality TV drama: The West Wing. The Crown. Endeavour. We love doing National Trust properties. Walking by the Thames.

GD: Care to share your top three songs or pieces of music?

JDS: Beethoven’s 6th. Wade in the Water – Eva Cassidy. Coat of Many Colours - Dolly Parton.

GD: And finally, what is the biggest problem facing evangelicalism in the UK today and how should we respond?

JDS: A truly Lloyd-Jones question! We are a mission field where the church is in decline, but most of our troops have left the front line, and we are doing maintenance. Huge amounts of effort go into conferences, yet very few Christians are equipped to relate the gospel to everyday life. Huge expectations are made of pastors, but so many Christians are detached from church life and cruise from church to church. There is a chronic lack of discipleship. There are a few problems to be going on with. The Doctor would have known which one was the biggest question facing the Christian Church today. 

GD: No doubt. Thanks for dropping by for this conversation, Jim. 

Wednesday, February 07, 2018

Free Speech

Freedom of speech is of fundamental importance in a democratic society. There can be no true liberty where citizens are not free to speak their minds. As the film Darkest Hour bears eloquent testimony, the thing that drove Churchill as wartime Prime Minister was his determination to safeguard the freedom of the British people. That is what roused him to stand up to Nazi tyranny at all costs, while others were flirting with appeasement.

One of the first freedoms to fall when tyranny takes hold is free speech. Tyrants don’t welcome public criticism. They are threatened by the free exchange of ideas that may call into question their state-sanctioned dogmas. Free speech is under threat today because people think they have the right not to hear things with which they disagree, or may find offensive. We are in danger of falling prey to the tyranny of fashionable opinion.

University students demand ‘safe spaces’ where their opinions won’t be challenged. They require ‘trigger warnings’ should their lecturers touch on controversial subjects. Look at what happened just recently when Jacob Rees-Mogg was invited to speak at the University of the West of England in Bristol. Whether or not we agree with his views, surely he had a right to express them without being shouted down, or pushed around.

Winston Churchill once commented, “Everyone is in favour of free speech. Hardly a day passes without its being extolled, but some people’s idea of it is that they are free to say what they like, but if anyone says anything back, that is an outrage.”

Freedom of religion goes hand in hand with freedom of speech. No one has the right to impose their beliefs on others. Faith must not be used as a pretext for inciting hatred or violence. But the freedom to practice and proclaim one’s faith in the public square must be upheld. 

Ofsted Chief Inspector Amanda Spielman is to be commended for standing up to Islamic extremism in English schools, but she struck a worrying note when she equated "the most conservative voices in a particular faith" [Christianity included] with "ideologies that close minds or narrow opportunity". 

It is possible to be a theologically conservative Christian and hold socially conservative views, while believing that schoolchildren should study a broad and enriching curriculum that will lead to opportunity for all. 

There is a danger that Ms. Spielman's 'muscular liberalism' could prove almost as close-mindedly intolerant  and opportunity narrowing as the extremism against which she has rightly taken a stand. I mean, are not, 'individual liberty' and 'mutual respect for and tolerance of those with different faiths and beliefs' meant to be Fundamental British Values? Maybe 'different faiths' has been redefined as 'different liberal versions of faith'. If so, religious freedom is under threat, and with it, freedom of speech. 

Freedom of speech is allied to the search for truth. Having our views challenged helps us come to a better understanding of things. According to the Christian faith human beings are truth-seekers because we are made in the image of the God of truth. We may seek him and find him because God has made himself known to us in Jesus Christ. As Jesus said, “you will know the truth, and the truth will set you free.”

Tuesday, January 30, 2018

Darkest Hour

"Success is not final, failure is not fatal: it is the courage to continue that counts."

May 1940 did indeed seem like the darkest hour for good old Blighty. Hitler's divisions were smashing their way though Europe. The British Expeditionary Force had been pushed back to the sea. The USA was in 'America First' isolationist mood. Conservative Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain was in a weak position, having failed to garner the the support that was needed from all sides of the House of Commons. There was one thing for it. Britain's political leaders were edging towards negotiating peace terms with thF├╝hrer

The only man Clement Attlee's Labour Party would unite behind in that time of crisis was Winston Churchill. He was disliked and distrusted by his fellow Tories. His record as a war time politician was chequered to say the least. His brainchild, the Dardanelles campaign was one of the great British military disasters of WWI.  

But he was the man for the Darkest Hour. Churchill's first speech to the Commons set the tone. There would be no more talk of appeasement,
You ask, what is our policy? I will say: It is to wage war, by sea, land and air, with all our might and with all the strength that God can give us; to wage war against a monstrous tyranny, never surpassed in the dark and lamentable catalogue of human crime. That is our policy. You ask, what is our aim? I can answer in one word: Victory. Victory at all costs—Victory in spite of all terror—Victory, however long and hard the road may be, for without victory there is no survival.
The Tory grandees were appalled. But Churchill was right. Appeasement would mean surrender and surrender would mean submitting Great Britain and her Empire to Nazi tyranny. 

The film is a study in leadership though speech. By his words Churchill intended to rouse the British people to show a courage that that did not yet know they possessed. 

The episode showing Churchill on the District Line chatting to commuters was fictional, but it stood for the way in which the war leader was inspired by the indomitably of his fellow Brits, just as much has he inspired them to fight to the end.  

A prosthetically enhanced Gary Oldman brilliantly captures the many facets of Churchill's personality. He could charm, he could bully, he was a great wit, he was dogged by depression. Oldman's Churchill adopts the tone of a suppliant when begging Rooesvelt for  American military aid. In the Commons he was master of all he surveyed. 

Lilly James plays Elizabeth Layton, the Prime Minister's long-suffering secretary. He reduces the poor woman to tears on their first encounter, earning Winston a rebuke from his formidable wife, Clementine, a fine turn by Kistin Scott Thomas. The focus on Layton's work with Churchill shows the tremendous effort he put into his speeches. Clemmie was ever a source of strength for her husband and a provided him with a  refuge from the tensions of leading the country in the desperate days of spring 1940.

The film may use a little bit of dramatic licence here and there. It is a drama after all and not a documentary. Churchill by Roy Jenkins is a good place to start for a more factually accurate account. 

Come early summer, Churchill's political position was still uncertain. Tory grandees such as Lord Halifax and others wanted rid of him. They were still bent on pursuing a policy of appeasement. Churchill's speech on 4 June 1940 put paid to that,
Even though large tracts of Europe and many old and famous States have fallen or may fall into the grip of the Gestapo and all the odious apparatus of Nazi rule, we shall not flag or fail. We shall go on to the end. We shall fight in France, we shall fight on the seas and oceans, we shall fight with growing confidence and growing strength in the air, we shall defend our island, whatever the cost may be. We shall fight on the beaches, we shall fight on the landing grounds, we shall fight in the fields and in the streets, we shall fight in the hills; we shall never surrender, and if, which I do not for a moment believe, this island or a large part of it were subjugated and starving, then our Empire beyond the seas, armed and guarded by the British Fleet, would carry on the struggle, until, in God's good time, the New World, with all its power and might, steps forth to the rescue and the liberation of the old.
In the film the Commons erupts in cheers and the vigorous waving of order papers from MPs on the Opposition benches. Chamberlain signals his support and the Conservatives join in the applause. A friend of Halifax asks what had just happened, to which the Foreign Secretary replies, "He has mobilised the English language and sent it into battle."

Darkest Hour is a powerful testimony to the lost art of political oratory. World War II was won by words as well as deeds. Churchill did not tell people what focus groups had informed him they wanted to hear. He led the nation by his speeches and led them to victory. Very moving. 

We're not exactly living through Britain's Brightest Hour right now, but our contemporary political leaders struggle to find the words needed to lead the nation to a better future. Lame 'strong and stable' soundbites from the Tories and the tired slogans of the old Left on Labour's part don't quite cut it. 

The power of words to change history should not be lost on preachers, whose task it is to proclaim God's Word, testifying to God's Son in the power of God's Spirit. Through Jesus' sacrifice alone will humanity find victory over the dark powers of death and destruction.